Persian empire world map. Map showing iran and central asia and the possible movement of the persian aryans culminating in the formation of persia. It is a macrolanguage spoken by an estimated 110 million people worldwide primarily in iran afghanistan and tajikistan. 550330 bc also called the first persian empire was an empire based in western asia founded by cyrus the great. Interesting facts about the persian wars.
Back to index. The greco persian wars also often called the persian wars were a series of conflicts between the achaemenid empire and greek city states that started in 499 bc i and lasted until 449 bc. The medo persian empire is considered the most powerful of the ancient powers. At its height during the reign of darius i the great it controlled more than 29 million square miles 75 million square kilometers of land and spanned three continents asia africa and europe.
The persian empire consisted of a group of imperial dynasties that each took turns ruling persia. Sassanid empire or sassanian dynasty is the name used for the third iranian dynasty and the second empire. The first persian empire 550 bc 330 bc called the achaemenid empire is known for having an elite force of soldiers. Persian empire the greatest and most powerful empire of ancient world.
After the first invasion the athenians built up a mighty fleet of ships called triremes. The persian empire would eventually be conquered by the greeks under the leadership of alexander the great. Xsassa old persian the empire c. Named the immortals by herodotus this army consisted of a heavy infantry of 10000 men that never reduced in number or strength.